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Tuesday, August 4, 2020 | History

2 edition of Social, economic, and environmental factors in highway decision making found in the catalog.

Social, economic, and environmental factors in highway decision making

William G. Adkins

Social, economic, and environmental factors in highway decision making

by William G. Adkins

  • 393 Want to read
  • 21 Currently reading

Published by Texas Transportation Institute, Texas A & M University in College Station .
Written in English

    Places:
  • United States,
  • United States.
    • Subjects:
    • Highway planning -- United States -- Citizen participation.,
    • Roads -- Economic aspects -- United States.,
    • Roads -- Environmental aspects -- United States.

    • Edition Notes

      Statementby William G. Adkins and Dock Burke, Jr.
      SeriesResearch report - Texas Transportation Institute ; 148-4, Research report (Texas Transportation Institute) ;, 148.4.
      ContributionsBurke, Dock, joint author., Texas Transportation Institute., Texas. Highway Dept.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsHE203 .T43 no. 148-4, HE355 .T43 no. 148-4
      The Physical Object
      Paginationv, 79 p. ;
      Number of Pages79
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL4856430M
      LC Control Number75621331

      indicate that the decision maker must take into consideration many internal and external factors during the decision-making process. For example, Carolyn Rude () studied technical and business decision-making. Rude suggests that decision makers must consider three criteria (technical, managerial, and social) when making a decision. Economic Conditions. Economic conditions also significantly affect the policy environment and operating context for businesses. The Great Recession One of the most severe recessions or contraction of the US economy. It officially began in December , lasted eighteen months ending in June

      In Chapter 1 the committee specified three factors that affect decisions made by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): estimates of human health risks, technology availability, and economics (see Figure ). As outlined in Chapter 1, the legal context within which a decision is made determines, to a large extent, which of those factors are considered by EPA. Roads can have both positive and negative influences on people and the environment. On the positive side roads provide the opportunity of mobility and transport for people and goods. On the negative side roads occupy land resources and form barriers to animals. They can also cause adverse impacts on natural water resources and discharge areas. Continue reading 4. Environmental issues.

      awareness of the potential benefits. Hence, the adoption-decision process undertaken by firm managers is inhibited by such non-economic factors as the lack of accurate information and importance of organisational culture and the social meanings and values that influence decision making in the form of management practice or managerial philosophy.   Scholars and social media experts convened at Harvard Law School Feb. 6 to examine the ways in which electronic interactive media can sway human decision-making and behavior. The conference, “Social Media and Behavioral Economics,” was sponsored by Harvard Law School's new Program on Behavioral Economics and Public Policy and created by the program’s director, Cass .


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Social, economic, and environmental factors in highway decision making by William G. Adkins Download PDF EPUB FB2

When it comes sustainability in our world, we need to be concerned about three key areas. The important concepts of environmental, economic, and social sustainability form a basis from which good decisions and actions can be made.

Here, I will discuss the three spheres of sustainability and how these interrelated concepts ultimately effect you and society as a s: incorporation of social, economic and environmental factors into the decision-making process involving highway locations and highway improvements.

The study was started in September,in response to an awareness in the Texas Highway Department of the increasingly. SOCIAL, ECONOMIC, AND ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS IN HIGHWAY DECISION MAKING.

This study, which was made in an effort to develop a comprehensive decision framework that will permit the realistic incorporation of social, economic and environmental factors into the highway decision-making process, consists of two parts: (1) an examination of some elements that are pertinent to an Cited by: 1.

Environmental research in the social sciences to date has concentrated primarily on economics, including the measurement of economic costs and benefits of pollution control to society and the relative efficiency of regulatory mandates versus market-oriented instruments of environmental policy (Stavins, ); on government decision making; and.

Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) Criteria: The Environmental, Social And Governance (ESG) Criteria is a set of standards for a company’s. Secondly, economic factors impact on health partly through mediators such as healthcare expenditure, other social determinants of health such as housing and environmental factors such as pollution and climate change.

Each of these mediators is likely to involve a complex causal chain with a significant evidence base around its health impacts. PEST is an acronym for Political, Economic, Social and Technological, which are environmental factors influencing a business sector.

Sometimes, additional factors such as environmental and legal are added to form PESTEL. In this section, a detail analysis of these environmental factors affecting the airline industry will be carried out. The external business environment consists of economic, political and legal, demographic, social, competitive, global, and technological sectors.

Managers must understand how the environment is changing and the impact of those changes on the business. When economic activity is strong, unemployment rates are low, and income levels rise.

Economic and geographic environmental factors impact businesses that are beginning, expanding or currently competing. Businesses often take into consideration the overall economic conditions in a country, such as whether a recession or boom is underway.

Businesses also consider geographic and climactic factors. The economic factors affect consumer purchasing power and spending pattern. Economic environmental factors decide the growth prospects of business houses.

During recession, the demand of goods and services decreases leading to slowdown of business. The economic policies framed by the government may either act as opportunity or threat for a. other such factors, the socio-economic characteristics described here generally show the national urban pattern.

Highway studies in ur-banized areas consider such factors in their development of area plans. Thus, economic and social characteristics form an important base of. Decision Making for the Environment: Social and Behavioral Science Research Priorities is the result of a 2-year effort by 12 social and behavioral scientists, scholars, and practitioners.

The report sets research priorities for the social and behavioral sciences as they relate to several different kinds of environmental problems. The report on sustainable development in our common future identifies three leading interconnected principles viz.

environmental efficiency, inter and intra-generational social justice and participation in decision making. Although the assumed growth of welfare includes rebound effects, this cannot be prolonged endlessly. A social environment includes the values, beliefs, customs, and practices of a group of people.

A business is subject to an external social environment and also its own internal social environment. The Economic society of Australia, 33(4): () Wanjiku EM.

Socio-economic benefits and environmental impacts of Thika Road superhighway () Singletary L, Henry M, Brooks K and London J. The impact of highway investment on new manufacturing employment in South Carolina: A small region spatial analysis. Inputs are the marketing efforts in terms of product, price, place, promotion taken by an organization and the environmental forces such as family, reference groups, culture, social class etc.

that influence the decision making process of a consumer. These factors which act as inputs trigger the consumer to identify his needs and ensure that. environmental impacts. The statement gives the environment full consideration along with engineering, social, and economic factors in project decisionmaking and stresses the need to fully integrate environmental considerations into agency policies and procedures.

Of particular concern to FHWA is. Prabhu Kandachar, in Materials Experience, Conclusions. Social sustainability is the neglected component of sustainability. Our world during the last decades has focused, however, only on economic sustainability.

Although this approach has delivered extensive material welfare to some parts of the world, a large part of the world is still struggling to make a decent living. The important environmental factors are; (1) Economic Environment (2) Political and Governmental Environment (3) Socio-cultural Environment (4) Natural Environment (5) Demographic Environment (6.

Environmental factors can be explained as identifiable elements within the cultural, economic, demographic, physical, technological or political environment which impacts the growth, operations and survival of an organization.

Environmental factors can be both internal as well external for the business. References. CFA Institute Environmental, Social, and Governance Factors at Listed Companies: A Manual for Investors Codes, Standards, and Position Papers Vol.

No. 2 May; Clark, Gordon L., Andreas Feiner, and Michael Viehs From the Stockholders to the Stakeholders: How Sustainability Can Drive Financial Performance University of Oxford and Arabesque Partners September.The expansion of road networks shows no signs of abating, especially in developing countries where economic growth is rapid and opportunities for natural resource exploitation are plentiful.

When a road is built, there will invariably be environmental and social impacts. Among tropical regions, however, these impacts are probably least studied in Southeast Asia.Several socio-economic factors maymllucncc the way a project should be executed.

Projects may pro-duce sudden effects on economic and social activity in the surrounding area of the road, or changing demands on health services and education. C‘onstruc-tion camps can .